Skincare after 40 years requires a major revision. This is due to the fact that many changes occur in the body associated with a slowdown in metabolic processes and a restructuring of the hormonal background. All this affects the appearance and condition of the skin. So that you don’t have to observe the floating oval of the face and deep wrinkles in the reflection of the mirror, you need to adjust the care program in time and adhere to a few simple rules.
Age-related skin changes after 40 years
Aging is most influenced by genetics, ethnicity, lifestyle, sun exposure, and daily grooming. Upon reaching the age of 40, another restructuring occurs in the woman’s body. First of all, it is associated with the onset of the lower limit of menopause and changes in hormonal levels. In addition, it has been proven that every year, starting at age 20, we lose 1% of our collagen stores . Collagen helps to smooth the skin, enhance its protective properties and slow down the appearance of signs of aging, including wrinkles.
The most significant and noticeable changes in 40 years are:
- decreased elasticity and firmness of the skin;
- the appearance of pigmentation;
- expansion of pores;
- the appearance of facial wrinkles;
- sagging skin, blurring of the oval of the face.
So how do you care for your skin?
Using SPF protection
Dermatologists agree that the first place to start is to arm yourself with good sunscreen. Exposure to ultraviolet light is responsible for 80% of the visible signs of facial aging in one study. Ultraviolet rays cause collagen breakdown and elastin disruption, which leads to thinning of the epidermis and the appearance of wrinkles, as well as in some cases provoking the appearance of uneven age spots.
This is why sunscreen is something to use every day regardless of the season, not just on a beach holiday.
Sun protection is a surefire way to keep your skin youthful and healthy for as long as possible and to prevent photoaging.
Experts note that when buying an SPF cream, you should look for zinc oxide, titanium dioxide and iron oxide in the composition for the following reasons:
- Zinc oxide and titanium dioxide protect against UVA rays (they make up about 90% of all radiation reaching the Earth and can cause melanoma) and UVB (group B rays are the most dangerous, as they lead to skin aging, sunburn, skin cancer and suppression immune system).
- Iron oxide protects against HEV radiation, harmful to the skin, from computer screens, tablets and mobile phones. Blue light leads to premature aging of skin cells and provokes the appearance of pigmentation.
The older the skin, the higher the degree of protection should be; it is also recommended to use it for babies. The maximum SPF is 50.
For both everyday use and summer travel, get in the habit of not only looking at the weather forecast, but also checking the UV index of a particular city. It is rated on a scale of 0 to 11, where 11 signals the need for enhanced protection.
Dermatologists recommend applying about half a teaspoon of the product to the face, including the ears and neck, before applying makeup. When driving, be sure to protect your hands, as UVA rays can penetrate the glass, which can lead to age spots.
Cleansing is one of the most important steps in your daily skin care routine. It removes makeup, unwanted oil and dead skin cells and helps maintain the skin’s natural moisture balance.
At the age of 40, experts recommend using cleansers containing ceramide and vitamin E. It is desirable that these are soft non-alkaline foams, mousses, gels, micellar solutions.
Ceramide help retain moisture, while Vitamin E improves firmness and helps cells regenerate faster.
After cleansing, be sure to wipe the skin with toner or lotion to remove small particles of the cleanser, as well as prepare it for the rest of the treatment.
Regardless of skin type, oily / acne-prone or dry / sensitive, beauticians advise avoiding products based on alcohol, as well as containing glycolic acid or benzoyl peroxide.
Instead, look for a water-based toner containing rose water or chamomile extract, as well as B-vitamin derivatives such as panthenol. They help to retain moisture and keep the skin well hydrated.
Hydration and nutrition
At the age of 40, the skin produces less sebum, which exposes it to aggressive factors, and also becomes drier, so hydration and nutrition are some of the key points.
For full skin care after 40 years, it is worth having a day and night cream. Daytime protects from external influences and can serve as a base for make-up, while nighttime helps to regenerate and nourish the skin.
Cosmetologists recommend paying attention to day creams that contain brightening vitamin B3, moisturizing hyaluronic acid and protective zinc. And in the composition of the night can be restoring vitamin C and rejuvenating vitamin A. It is important that the funds increase the production of collagen and elastin.
To keep your skin glowing by age 40, you need to use exfoliators more often than at 20-30 because skin cell renewal is much slower.
Regular peelings (gommage, rolls, scrubs) contribute to the renewal and rejuvenation of the epidermis. For aging skin, cosmetologists recommend exfoliating products that contain retinoic acid, peptides and vitamin C.
It is important to choose scrubs and peels according to your skin type. For dry skin, it is worth using cream-based products that not only cleanse, but also moisturize. For oily skin, a gel-based scrub is more suitable, which helps control oil secretion and leaves the skin smooth and clear.
Skin around the eyes
The skin around the eyes is the first area where signs of aging appear, and after 40 years they become even more pronounced. The epidermis under the eyes is very thin, there is practically no fat layer and sweat glands in it, therefore, the collagen content is minimal and dryness is more often observed.
Active facial expressions and squinting provoke the appearance of wrinkles, and for a number of reasons, fluid under the eyes can collect and dark circles appear. Eye creams can solve some of these problems. For example, products with a high content of vitamin K eliminate the accumulation of blood in the vessels and remove edema.
Neck and décolleté care
Many people mistakenly focus solely on facial care, but loose skin in the neck and cleavage area shows true age no less than nasolabial folds or crow’s feet near the eyes.
Neckline skin is thinner and has fewer sebaceous glands, so it is more prone to dryness due to lack of natural moisture, which means wrinkles form faster and easier. In addition, many people forget or deliberately do not apply sunscreen to this area, which provokes premature aging.
Look for products that contain targeted ingredients: tetrapeptides to stimulate collagen formation, antioxidant algae extract to protect against free radicals, and glucosamine to improve hydration.
Products containing hyaluronic acid are also suitable. According to a 2014 study, it nourishes the deeper layers of the skin, has the ability to reduce the appearance of wrinkles, improve hydration, firmness, and elasticity, which helps it stay young and healthy for longer.
Home Skin Care Treatments
Facial massage relaxes muscles, increases lymph flow, blood and oxygen flow, nourishes tissues, which have a rejuvenating effect. This is one of the most effective ways to combat wrinkles.
There are several different types and techniques of facial massage that can be performed independently or with the help of a professional: lymphatic drainage, buccal, myofascial, shiatsu, Swedish, etc.
A 2002 study showed that 59% of women who received a facial massage reported a feeling of freshness and rejuvenation, another 54% indicated improved elasticity and a “tightening of the skin” effect.
As a prevention of skin aging, experts recommend massaging and rubbing your face with ice cubes.
This method can be used for the following purposes:
- to eliminate puffiness (especially around the eyes);
- reduce fat content;
- reduce swelling and inflammation, including rashes and insect bites;
- reduce signs of aging;
- enhance the healthy glow of the skin.
In order to carry out the procedure, it is necessary to place 3-4 cubes in a cotton cloth and massage the face through it in circular movements along the chin, cheekbones, cheeks, forehead and lips for several minutes. This option is especially effective in the morning.
Cold and hot shower
Using cold water while showering and washing your face helps stimulate blood flow and tighten pores. Poor circulation in the skin leads to dryness, dullness and aging.
The low temperature activates the sympathetic nervous system. The body releases hormones and brain chemicals that help fight stress. Even without knowing the scientific explanation, it is quite obvious that people who are in a state of prolonged anxiety and anxiety look much older than their actual age. A shower with alternately turning on warm and cold water can be a good start to a new day.