Exacerbation of chronic diseases: prevention and treatment

Exacerbation of chronic diseases
Exacerbation of chronic diseases

During the New Year and Christmas holidays, the risk of Exacerbation of chronic diseases increases significantly.

Why the exacerbation of chronic diseases

For most people, various chronic diseases are exacerbated. Including such a serious disease as asthma.

Asthma is an inflammatory chronic disease of the airways that is characterized by asthma attacks and severe coughing. According to the WHO, 235 million people in the world suffer from asthma, and their number is constantly growing.

The main symptoms of asthma are: choking with impaired inspiration; night and morning cough; cough that occurs during exercise; a whistling sensation in the chest; discomfort in the chest.
These symptoms most often appear at night and after waking up and are aggravated by contact with infection, allergens and during the manifestation of strong emotions (crying or laughing).

Inflammation of the respiratory tract can be caused by dust, various fungi, animal dander, pollen. Also, many asthmatics are very sensitive to certain foods and drinks.

Since on New Year’s and Christmas holidays a person with asthma is faced with all these allergens in large quantities, the risk of exacerbation of the disease increases significantly. The doctors decided to figure out why this is happening.

The most dangerous allergens that can provoke an exacerbation is fungal mould, which is found in large quantities in live spruces. But artificial green beauties hide no less danger since a large amount of dust accumulates in them.

During the holiday period, there are many products on the table containing harmful substances that can cause an exacerbation or even an attack of the disease. Doctors have found that many diseases can be caused by stress, which weakens the immune system, which can worsen health.

EXACERBATION OF CHRONIC DISEASES IN SPRING

Spring is a season of exacerbation of chronic diseases in more than a third of the world’s population. Due to the weakening of the immune system, almost all chronic diseases are exacerbated in the spring.

Also, Spring is the time when not only nature wakes up, but also chronic diseases. How to help the body avoid aggravation?

The most extensive seasonal changes in the metabolism of the human body occur in the autumn-spring period. As a result of these transformations, the immune system is in an imbalanced state, and even minor influences can lead to health problems.

For a number of reasons, the most difficult period for health is spring. In the spring period, 35% of the world’s population has exacerbations of chronic diseases

But most often during this period, the following diseases appear: colds, peptic ulcer, allergies, mental disorders, dermatological diseases.

Exacerbation of chronic diseases in the spring

The sharp change in weather conditions it exacerbation of chronic diseases: if winter and summer are periods when weather conditions remain relatively constant, then autumn and spring are the time of their abrupt change. In spring, a warm sunny morning can very often turn into a rainy, cold, windy day. A sharp change in weather is stressful for the body. He does not have time to quickly respond to external changes and rebuilds.

Vitamin deficiency: this is one of the reasons for our increased sensitivity to exacerbation of chronic diseases in the spring. By the spring, the content of vitamins in vegetables and fruits decreases. At this time of the year, we get fewer vitamins from food than necessary.

Lack of sunshine: in winter and early spring we get a little sun. This leads to a lack of vitamin D in the body, which is produced in the skin when exposed to sunlight. With an increase in daylight hours in the body, metabolic processes are accelerated. Against the background of a lack of vitamins, this causes a sharp decrease in the body’s resistance.

Hypothermia: The sun shines, but does not warm – they say among the people. We want to quickly take off the annoying warm clothes. As a result, it is possible to overcool, and the reduced immunity is not always ready to adequately respond to temperature changes.

Insufficient physical activity: in winter we tend to move less, walk less. Not enough exercise weakens the immune system.

Mental stress: During the period when winter is followed by spring, most people experience mental discomfort and fatigue. It also reduces the body’s resistance and can lead to the exacerbation of chronic diseases.

Chronic diseases that worsen in spring

Spring deterioration in health affects people who suffer from chronic diseases:

  • vessels;
  • musculoskeletal system;
  • gastrointestinal tract;
  • disorders of the immune and endocrine systems.

In spring, the following are also activated:

  • mental illness;
  • kidney disease;
  • respiratory tract diseases.

The spring period requires careful attention to your health. And those who have already acquired any chronic disease should be especially careful during this period and help the body survive a dangerous time.

Prevention of frequent spring colds

In spring, ideal conditions are created for the spread of a viral infection, and a weakened immune system is unable to protect the body.

Therefore, the frequency of diseases of the upper respiratory tract, bronchitis, pneumonia, sinusitis, otitis media is increasing.

In order to prevent colds, you should worry about strengthening immunity in advance: enrich your diet with vitamins, increase physical activity and sleep time.

Good personal hygiene also reduces the risk of getting sick.

Exacerbation chronic diseases of peptic ulcer: prevention and treatment

Almost all patients diagnosed with peptic ulcer disease in the spring show symptoms of exacerbation: pain at night or on an empty stomach, stool disturbance, nausea.

Untreated patients are at risk of ulcer perforation and gastrointestinal bleeding, which require surgery to eliminate.

To prevent relapse, you should strictly observe the food intake (in fractional portions at least 5-6 times).

Smoked foods, spicy, salty, fried foods, spices, carbonated and alcoholic drinks are excluded from the diet.

If symptoms of an exacerbation of peptic ulcer disease manifest, the patient should consult a gastroenterologist


In the spring, many people suffer from an exacerbation of allergies, which will make itself felt in April.

Seasonal allergies in spring: treatment and prevention

The disease is manifested by a specific reaction to plant pollen – in the form of a runny nose, swelling of the mucous membranes of the nose and eyelids.

An allergen is the pollen of birch, alder, oak, grasses, dandelion, wormwood and other plants (about 100 species).

To get rid of allergies, you first need to identify the allergen .

Measures to prevent the exacerbation of allergies are reduced to the exclusion of contact with allergens, which is difficult to implement.

Self-medication can lead to bronchial asthma and other complications, as well as a decrease in the quality of life.

Doctors, allergists of the Medical Center, have been trained at the School of Molecular Allergology, so they know modern methods of prevention and treatment of allergic diseases using molecular allergens.

Spring depression

In spring, the number of patients with psychotherapists and psychiatrists is growing.

A person does not always have time to rearrange his biological rhythms in accordance with the change in daylight hours, which causes depression and neurotic states. This can be manifested by depression, irritability, dissatisfaction with oneself or others.

In order not to fall into a depressive state, it is necessary to sleep more, walk in the fresh air, and play sports. The nervous system is positively influenced by visiting the theater, museum, listening to good music.

If the depression is of a protracted nature, it is necessary to seek psychological help from the specialists of the medical centre.

Dermatological Exacerbation of chronic diseases

In many women, in the spring, acne appears on the skin of the face, which is explained by the insufficient function of the sebaceous glands, greater activity of microflora, vitamin deficiency, and a decrease in the body’s immunity.

Dust mites become active in the spring, which can cause conjunctivitis.

If you cannot cope with the problem on your own, contact the Medical Center.

How to help the body avoid flare-ups

Eat right: in the spring, you need to be especially careful about choosing your diet. It is believed that in the spring, a person needs to eat five servings of fruits and vegetables, which is approximately 500 grams, while it is better to give preference to fresh products. And you need to pay attention to root crops, because many root crops by this time preserve vitamins well, such as carrots, and beets, celery and parsley. It may be worth drinking a vitamin complex, but for the correct selection of vitamins, it is better to consult a doctor.

Don’t overcool: dress for the weather. This will help your body to cope with spring adaptation faster.

Move more: Moderate exercise will help keep the body in good shape, and walking in the fresh air will promote the formation of vitamin D.

Do not overload the nervous system: try to avoid excessive stress on the nervous system. Take time to relax. Spend more time sleeping.

Contact your doctor in time: if you have chronic diseases, then you need to be prepared for possible exacerbation of chronic diseases. This does not mean that you need to take medications for future use, but at the first symptoms of the disease, it is better to consult a doctor. Timely identification of an exacerbation of chronic diseases will help to effectively solve the problem.

Spring exacerbation of chronic urological diseases

Exacerbation of cystitis, prostatitis and urethritis in the spring is explained by the development of pathological microflora in the urinary tract against the background of hypothermia, vitamin deficiency and other factors that reduce immunity.

For the treatment of these diseases, the help of a urologist is required .

Exacerbation of chronic diseases in the autumn

Autumn is accompanied not only by leaf fall, rains and fogs but also by exacerbation of various chronic diseases. Additional factors contributing to disruptions in the body are regular stress, unfavourable ecology, and a sedentary lifestyle. Usually, in the autumn, heart problems begin, pathologies such as cystitis, arthritis, prostatitis, nervous system disorders and many others make themselves felt. Every year, chronic diseases “get younger” and more and more people suffer from them. Let’s discuss some of the most common fall health problems and how you can avoid them.

Ulcer

An ulcer of the mucous membrane of the stomach and duodenum is a local defect of the mucous and submucous layer (as opposed to erosions), formed under the influence of aggressive factors: acid, pepsin and bile. The ulcer heals with the formation of a scar. A duodenal ulcer occurs 4 times more often than a stomach ulcer. Peptic ulcer disease is characterized by alternating periods of exacerbations (usually in spring or autumn) and periods of remission.

Peptic ulcer disease is one of the most common gastrointestinal problems. According to various sources, it affects from 3 to 18% of the adult population of the world. Moreover, in more developed countries this percentage is noticeably higher; in men, this disease occurs twice as often as in women.

Until recently, it was believed that ulcers arise from stress. This was explained as follows: a stressful condition leads to an outflow of blood from the stomach, as a result of which the possibility of mucosal healing is reduced. Over time, this leads to the fact that the tissue under the mucous membrane is destroyed by gastric juice and an ulcerative defect occurs.

At the end of the 20th century, Australian doctors proved that the cause of ulcers in most cases is the bacterium Helicobacter pylori. According to the latest data, 95% of stomach ulcers and 85% of duodenal ulcers worldwide are associated with Helicobacter pylori infection. Since 2005, the whole world considers peptic ulcer disease to be an infectious disease.

The symptoms of peptic ulcer disease depend on the location of the ulcer, the duration of the disease, and the patient’s individual sensitivity to pain. The most typical are:

  • pain in the epigastric region (projection of the stomach): with a stomach ulcer – during and immediately after a meal, with a duodenal ulcer, on the contrary, on an empty stomach, the so-called “hunger pains”;
  • sour belching;
  • vomiting to relieve abdominal pain.

Peptic ulcer diagnosis

Endoscopic examination is the most informative method in the diagnosis of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer. It visually confirms the presence of an ulcerative defect, allows you to clarify its localization, depth, shape, size, allows you to assess the condition of the bottom and edges of the ulcer, to identify concomitant changes in the mucous membrane, to perform a biopsy followed by a histological examination of the material obtained, which makes it possible to exclude the malignant nature of the ulcerative lesion. During the study, mucosal material is taken to detect Helicobacter pylori during cytological examination (microscopy). This technique is the most reliable for the diagnosis of this pathogen.

HELIK test is a non-invasive respiratory diagnosis of the presence of the Helicobacter pylori bacteria in the body. A quick, simple, safe, painless and fairly accurate diagnostic method that determines the presence of the urease enzyme in the exhaled air, as a marker of the presence of this bacterium in the stomach.

X-ray method of research using a contrast agent – the images clearly show a direct sign of peptic ulcer disease – a “niche” (defect) on the contour of the mucous membrane.

Also, if indicated, the doctor may prescribe additional tests: general clinical and biochemical blood tests, feces examination, etc.

How to avoid peptic ulcer

The basis for the prevention of the appearance of peptic ulcer disease, especially in persons with close relatives suffering from this disease, is the test for the presence of the bacteria Helicobacter pylori. Now this can be done simply and inexpensively. A gastroenterologist will prescribe the best diagnostic method and assess the risk of a peptic ulcer in a particular patient.

In addition, as mentioned above, an unbalanced diet, bad habits, stress, etc. contribute to the occurrence of ulcers. Accordingly, general recommendations for the prevention of not only ulcers, but also many other diseases, are advice to lead a healthy lifestyle, establish a diet, pay attention to the quality of food, excluding fast food and fatty, fried, spicy foods, do not abuse alcohol, no smoking, less nervousness. If an ulcer has already been diagnosed, it is necessary to visit a gastroenterologist to determine the causes of its occurrence, determine the prognosis of the condition and the possibilities of individual prevention of exacerbation of this disease.

Modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of peptic ulcer disease can solve this problem as simply and quickly as possible.

If you notice symptoms of a peptic ulcer, do not postpone a visit to a gastroenterologist. Remember that a neglected ulcer, in addition to unpleasant painful sensations, can lead to other consequences – up to a lethal outcome, which is possible when the ulcer perforates and bleeds from it.

ARVI

As soon as it gets colder, people immediately appear around who have caught a “cold”. What we simply call “colds” in medicine is called ARVI or ARI. ARI (acute respiratory disease) or ARVI

ARVI (acute respiratory viral infection) is the general name for the entire group of diseases occurring with a predominant lesion of the upper respiratory tract and general intoxication caused by viruses

There are a large number of viruses that cause disease, they are combined into one group – since the symptoms and treatment of the disease are similar. Only the influenza virus has been identified as a separate group, because this disease is more severe than a common viral infection, and the influenza virus itself spreads faster.

How to avoid ARVI

Unfortunately, there is no one hundred per cent protection against ARVI. Moreover, for people with normal immunity, the norm is to get sick with ARVI 1-3 times a year for an adult, up to 8 times for a schoolchild and up to 10 times for a preschooler. Moreover, this is not only normal but even useful for maintaining immunity in good shape.

The immune response in response to the infiltration of respiratory viruses is a kind of “reserve force exercise”. To fight the virus, a certain cascade of immunological reactions is launched, during which interactions between various immune cells are worked out. The next time a more formidable enemy appears, the immune system will react faster and more efficiently.

But this whole theory, of course, is a weak consolation at the moment when a cold ruins plans, and puts you to bed with a headache, a runny nose and a cough. Therefore, it still makes sense to do everything possible in order to reduce the risk of the disease. How can I do that?

There are three main causal components in the development of any cold disease: contact with infection, hypothermia, stress. In each individual case of the disease, all three factors are always present, but one of them prevails. In order to increase your resistance to respiratory viral infections, you must follow simple, but at the same time, complex rules for many modern people:

  • Observe a healthy regime: get enough sleep (the duration of an adult’s sleep should be at least 7–8 hours a day), move more, temper. 
  • Do not smoke or abuse alcohol. 
  • Eliminate foci of chronic infection (check your teeth, tonsils, digestive tract), as parasitization and intoxication dramatically reduce the reserve capacity of the body. 
  • Take vitamin and mineral complexes in the autumn-winter-spring period. 
  • During seasonal outbreaks of SARS, add onions, garlic, ginger, lemons to your diet. 
  • Maintain humidity in the room at home and at work, dry mucous membranes are much more susceptible to infection, ventilate the premises more often.
  • Avoid contact with patients with respiratory diseases, during an outbreak of acute respiratory viral infections and influenza, minimize being in places with a large crowd of people. 
  • During epidemics of acute respiratory viral infections, wash your hands more often and apply topically saline solutions to rinse the nose.
  • Use aroma lamps with eucalyptus, fir, pine oils.
  • Try to switch to a rational diet without semi-finished products, with an increase in the proportion of vegetables, fruits, fish in the diet. 
  • Watch the regularity of the stool: the body needs to get rid of toxins and decay products in a timely manner, otherwise it will be busy only with detoxification and will not be able to resist infection.
  • If possible, take courses in a general message at least 2 times a year.

Allergy

Seasonal mold allergy occurs in fall, and cold allergies may also develop.

Mold is a fungus that grows in warm, humid environments. Favorite places where mold appears are basements, bathrooms, bathrooms, window frames, air conditioning filters, that is, those areas where there is a high level of humidity and insufficient lighting. In the fall, more mold appears indoors due to less sunlight entering the apartment. Humidifiers complicate the problem even more because they increase the humidity in the home and promote condensation zones, creating the best conditions for mold to grow.

In addition, mould grows in the open air – on fallen leaves, decaying plants and organic material, and its spores fly in the air. This is a test for allergy sufferers who work in the country, where September – October is the time for harvesting, processing the beds, and making hay.

How to avoid allergies?

It is impossible to completely protect against the development of mold allergy, but you can minimize the risk of its exacerbation. To do this, you need to do the following:

  • eliminate moisture condensation zones, maintain a low humidity level (up to 35–50%) in a room where there is a tendency to mold growth; it is necessary to eliminate any water leakage and wetting of the walls;
  • ventilate the room well;
  • Get rid of all pieces of furniture, textiles that smell like mold or show visible signs of mold infestation;
  • treat the affected surfaces with mold-killing agents;
  • when working with fallen leaves, hay, use a mask;
  • wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly, peel them off.

Allergy to cold is manifested by local edema, redness and itching of the skin, blistering, rash. It can cause swelling of the larynx, trachea, bronchi, which will manifest itself as shortness of breath, shortness of breath, and coughing. In a severe case, it can even lead to Quincke’s edema!  

How to tell if you have a cold allergy?

Apply a piece of ice to your skin for a couple of minutes – if redness, blisters, itching appear, then there is a high probability that this is an allergic reaction. In this case, we recommend that you consult with an allergist – the doctor will prescribe antihistamines and advise on ways to prevent allergies. To finally understand the causes of allergies, it is necessary to undergo a special allergy examination. If your problem is allergies, remember that you need to seek medical help not only at the time of an exacerbation of the disease but also during the period of remission. It is at this time that real help can be provided – non-specific and specific hyposensitization. 

Depression

In the fall, the days are getting shorter, darker and colder. Bad weather, rains, wind, lack of sunlight in sensitive people with a labile psyche, prone to depressive states, can provoke the onset or exacerbation of depression. There is even such a thing as “seasonal depression”. Seasonal depression is usually associated with metabolic disorders of serotonin, a biologically active substance responsible for a person’s mood. In winter, the serotonin content decreases, this is due to the fact that the production of this beneficial substance is regulated by melatonin. And the latter depends on the amount of light.

Depression (depressive syndrome) is a completely officially recognized disease that is treated, depending on the severity of the course, on an outpatient basis or in a hospital.

Depression is an extremely common mental disorder, affecting about 10% of people over 40, of whom two-thirds are women. After age 65, depression reduces the quality of life for more than 30% of people. Even children have depression – about 5% of patients under 16 suffer from this disease.

Depression symptoms

  • constant bad mood, melancholy,
  • nervousness,
  • sleep disorders,
  • slowing down the reaction,
  • the decrease in the general tone of the body,
  • indigestion,
  • pains of unknown origin.

How do you know that you have depression – a condition that requires the help of a neurologist or psychiatrist, and not just a bad mood? The most obvious sign: a bad mood, unlike depression, cannot last for weeks or months. If you suspect depression in yourself or a loved one, do not wait until “it will pass by itself”, consult a doctor, the sooner the better! 

Factors that increase your risk of developing depression:

  • Chronic overwork.
  • Psycho-traumatic situation.
  • Serious illness.
  • Uncontrolled use of certain drugs that have an effect on the central nervous system (CNS).
  • Mental instability, emotional excitability.
  • Some endocrine diseases, as well as conditions that arise against the background of hormonal changes in the body – pregnancy and the postpartum period, menopause, etc.
  • Hereditary predisposition.
  • Autumn-winter period.

Prevention

  • Lack of vitamins can provoke a bad mood, well-being, blues, fatigue, loss of strength. Add more foods rich in vitamins and minerals to the diet 
  • Chocolate is an excellent antidepressant – the cocoa beans it contains contribute to the production of the “happiness hormone”. It is best to choose real dark chocolate – it has the maximum content of cocoa beans, and it is less harmful to the figure than milk chocolate. 
  • Bright fruits can be used not only as a source of vitamins but also for aroma and colour therapy. For example, citrus fruits are not only rich in vitamin C and delight the eye with bright colours, but their smell has been proven to invigorate and improve mood. The smell of chocolate, as we have already said, raises the mood, so as not to abuse this sweetness, you can buy shower gel, soap or even eau de toilette with a chocolate scent.
  • Essential oils of orange, rosemary, neroli, eucalyptus, frankincense, cardamom, nutmeg, sage are able to relieve stress and relieve depression.
  • Aromatic oil massage is a great way to pamper yourself with health benefits.
  • Observe the daily routine.
  • Go in for sports.
  • Take every opportunity to take a walk during the day – sunlight increases the level of serotonin in the blood.
  • The brighter the light around, the better – replace the bulbs at home and in the office with brighter ones.
  • Chat with optimists. Our social circle greatly affects our emotional state, and if your friends are constantly unhappy with life, you willy-nilly emotionally join them and also fall into melancholy.
  • Get an interesting hobby – it will give you a boost of vivacity and good mood. 

Remember that your health depends on you! Be attentive to the state of your body, take care of it, lead a healthy lifestyle and consult a doctor in a timely manner. We hope that with our tips your autumn will be bright and pleasant!

Exacerbation of chronic diseases in the heat

The heat in summer can exacerbate some chronic diseases. People with chronic diseases have a particularly hard time in the heat. To avoid complications, you need to consult your doctor.

In the hot season, the human body loses a large amount of fluid, it is necessary to replenish it. For patients with heart failure, hypertension, this is a large additional burden on the heart. Swelling appears on the legs, shortness of breath occurs, and blood pressure rises. Loss of fluid leads to blood clots. In patients with atherosclerosis, the process of supplying tissues with blood worsens. Therefore, in hot weather, more strokes, heart attacks and hypertensive crises occur.

To prevent exacerbations of chronic diseases, it is recommended:

  • on hot days, wear light, loose clothing made from natural fabrics, be sure to wear light hats and carry a bottle of water with you, do not go outside during the period of maximum solar activity from 11 to 17 hours;
  • in a room with air conditioning, do not set the temperature below +23 – +25 С;
  • in hot weather, exclude fatty, fried and sweet foods from your diet, it is better to add light food to the menu – vegetables, fruits;
  • to protect the body from dehydration, you need to drink more – at least 1.5 – 3 litres per day;
  • special attention to children in hot weather! Symptoms of overheating of a child are skin redness, fever, lethargy, nausea, unreasonable moods, rapid breathing with shortness of breath, convulsions, and even fainting. At the first manifestations of these symptoms, it is necessary to remove clothes from the child, lay in a horizontal position, wipe the entire body with a damp cloth or cloth soaked in water, and be sure to drink every 5-10 minutes. If you lose consciousness, call an ambulance immediately.

Take care of yourself and enjoy the summer!